Love nature to the ambit that you are eager to make the whole planet, your research lab? Inquisitive to know the reason why dinosaurs got extinct? Were you shaken when thousands of people were killed due to Tsunami? Want to behold the mighty volcanoes as they actually spit out Lava? Geology then seems to be your ballgame! Read on to explore it as a career option.
What is Geology?
It refers to the branch of science which deals with the origin, composition, and evolution of our planet. Geologists also happen to be keen on studying in plate tectonics, structure and behavior along with all the natural forces responsible for acting as a stimulus to the earth and in due course of time, cause it to change or evolve.
What does a Geologist do?
Geologists prove their mettle in a plethora of situations, some of this being-
- Discovering fossil fuel reservoirs and ensuring optimal usage of the existing ones
- Checking the loss of man and material due to natural calamities
- Advise the government in choosing the best location to initiate its ambitious projects such as dams, canals, railway lines etc.
- Predicting behavior and if possible issuing warning for the possible threats posed by a particular demographic region on account of its plate tectonics resulting in calamities
- Exploring way outs to dispose of the hazardous wastes and a host of other jobs
What are the education options in Geology?
Geology is the ball game of science students (non-medical) only. Prima facie there are two popular modes to study geology. One is to opt for geology as an Honors subject and the other to undertake a fully fledged B.Sc course in geology. That being done there opens a whole galaxy of options to choose from depending upon your interest, for your masters. Some of these being:
- Physical geology, mineralogy (studying about the mineral constitution of a land mass), paleontology ( a study of the fossils), geomorphology (studying the structure of the earth), stratigraphy (history of the Earth), volcanology, hydro-geology, seismology ( a study of the earth quakes) etc.
With this being said, the major institutions for this field are the following:
- Indian School of Mines, Indian institute of Technology Roorkee, Kharagpur and Bombay, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Hyderabad Central University, Banaras Hindu University to name a few.
It also becomes noteworthy that, for a Ph.D. course it is customary to write the National Eligibility Test (NET). This serves a twofold business. Firstly, to provide a common benchmarking to all the students of the country to enroll in various institutes, and the other being scrutinizing the eligible candidates for the grant of fellowships for the Junior and the Senior Research fellows, that is, the JRF and the SRF.
Which are the major job providers for Geologists?
As regards the government sector, the Geological Survey of India happens to be the major player followed by the Central Ground Water Board, with the exams for both being conducted by the UPSC and Master’s being the minimum qualification for eligibility. Other elite agencies such as the National Geophysical Research Institute, Space Applications Centre, National Remote Sensing Centre, National Institute of Oceanography, Space Applications Centre, also recruit candidates for scientist positions. Equally, enticing is the private industry players with Reliance, Essar, Cairn, being the major ones.
To sum things up, geology happens to be one of those elite classes of jobs wherein, one not only thinks of his necessities but also takes care of the requirements of the whole demography he is assigned with and in this respect making it a really poised profession. It can indeed be very rightly chosen as one’s career path and the prospects are many for assured career progression.