As a student who aspires to be a biotechnologist, we all are aware of the different career options after graduating. You must have done your own research and also consulted people on where to study to become one. You must have definitely got many opinions about studying in India and abroad. Both have positive as well as negative points. Are you confused?
There are myriad of options to study both in India and abroad. Wherever you choose to study, success in career depends only on your hard work and dedication. In this blog, I will list few options of studying it in India and abroad.
Studying biotechnology in India
To be a biotechnologist in India it takes 5-9 years of dedicated study. First of all, you have to pursue a graduation in either biotechnology or in any stream of life sciences. The degrees that you can obtain in biotechnology are:
- Sc (Bachelor of Science) àthis is a three- year undergraduate degree course. You can pursue B.Sc in any stream of life science or biotechnology.
- Tech (Bachelor of Technology)àYeah!! True that! B.Tech course is not only for those robot-making geeky engineers. It’s for biology researchers as well! This is a four-year undergraduate degree course. A B.Tech in Biotechnology would be ideal if you wish to pursue a career in biotechnology!
- Sc. (Master of Science) à this is a post graduate degree course. Those who have completed bachelor’s degree in life science stream are eligible for this course. You can take up an M.Sc. in biotechnology after which you will be eligible to become a research associate or join for a Ph.D. and do research.
- Ph.D. à this is the doctorate degree. After finishing Ph.D., you can independently perform research in biotechnology.
- Integrated M.Sc. àthis course helps you to do M.Sc. and B.Sc. together that is, you won’t have to give an entrance examination and secure admission to an M.Sc. As soon as you finish B.Sc. you can continue with the same college for post-graduation. It is usually a 5-years course. The last 6-months will be a project semester where you have to do a research project on any topic of interest.
- Integrated Ph.D. à in this course you can do a post-graduate degree and Ph.D. together.
Study options – Where in India?
Most of the universities in India offer undergraduate, post-graduate as well as Ph.D. in biotechnology and life sciences. The most popular institutes are:
- University of Delhi
- Indian Institute of Technology (Mumbai, Roorkee)
- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research
- Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology
- Institute of Genomics and Integrative biology
- Jawaharlal Nehru University
Studying biotechnology abroad
Studying abroad is a rather lucrative option. There are many institutions in India offering various courses in biotechnology. Every year thousands and ten thousands of students graduate as biotechnologists. As a biotechnology student myself, I have to detail went through the various job opportunities. According to my research, I found out that there are not enough jobs as much as there are biotechnology graduates in India. The jobs you get in India after studying biotechnology is mostly in the BPO sector etc. The core companies in this sector are few and they accommodate only very highly educated and experienced candidates. On the other hand, if you go abroad you will get both high-quality education as well as good opportunities in job and research.
If you want to explore options outside India while pursuing your career, going abroad to study in this field is a great option. Many countries are involved in biotechnology research in both medical and non-medical types of research. The most popular countries offering research in it are Germany, US, China etc. Before you go abroad, you have to take care of a few points.
- Be clear about which country to study in: first of all, among all the possible options, choose the place where you want to study in keeping in mind all your requirements and conditions. Usually countries like the US, UK etc. are expensive. The living expenses in these countries are not affordable to many. But in European countries and Asian countries, the living expenses are less and affordable. These days more and more students are preferring countries like China, Japan etc. as they provide good quality research experience and the expenses are usually low.
- Finances: you must have a clear idea about the financial requirements while going abroad. Usually, for a masters or bachelors course, you will have to pay the course fee. If you are going abroad for a doctorate degree you will be paid a stipend of a certain sum of money depending on the country and university. In both cases, you will have to take care of your living expenses and the likes.
- TOEFL, GRE, and IELTS: Before going abroad, you need to clear any one or more of these exams depending on the country and their requirement. These tests are to check your language and aptitude abilities,
- Scholarships: Universities offer scholarships to students so that they can study at lower fees. Different universities offer different scholarships. Depending on the eligibility criteria, you can avail one or more of these scholarships to pursue your studies.
- VISA and Passport: you need to have a valid passport and VISA to be able to go and study abroad.
Do detailed research about the various universities and courses and decide about where to study keeping in mind all your requirements and situations.
All the best!