Be it the buzz around the recent COP21 summit or the Geneva summit or the many preceding likes of them, the whole world is really gearing up to find sustainable solutions to protect our dear earth in the field of environmental science. This is the most sought after field for addressing the challenges that have crept in along with its pursuit of development. Whether it is the Ozone layer depletion or the Global Warming or for that matter the ramping levels of pollution, the implications are grave clear and if this is your concern too, this article has a lot for you.
What is the Environmental Science?
It basically refers to that branch of science that is environmental science which revolves around the study of the relation between various organisms and the nature around them. This would also involve their reaction to the changing stimulus provided to them by various agents (prima facie, the Humans).
What do the Environmental Science professionals do?
Environmental science professionals or commonly known scientists prove handy in a host of situations. Some of them being:
- Chalking out the innovative methods of waste disposal.
- Keeping a check on the environmental pollution and if the need is their requisite mitigation.
- Evaluating the effectiveness of the alternative methods of energy generation.
- Treating the factory effluents before their disposition in the water-bodies.
- Advising the government in framing its environmental policies etc.
What are the education options available?
School of Environmental Sciences, JNU
Most universities offer a full-fledged B.Sc level course in environmental science. It can also major in many core undergraduate engineering streams (Civil, Mechanical, and chemical engineering to name a few.)
As regards the post-graduation options, keeping in mind the recent trends regarding an influx of students from the other core branches of this course, many universities allow all those candidates who have had at least a semester level course on Environmental Sciences during their graduation, for their post graduation courses.
Subsequent M.Phil and Ph.D. can be done thereafter wherein; many generous fellowships are extended by the government, provided the candidate clears the National Eligibility Test (NET) as is the case with any other branch. Some scholarships are also available to the post graduate students on the basis of their GATE (Graduate’s Aptitude Test in Engineering) or JAM (Joint admission Test, the counterpart of GATE for pure science subjects) scores.
It is usually seen on the part of postgraduates to move on to foreign countries for their doctoral and post-doctoral stints where the teaching and lab facilities are better.
What are the Job Opportunities Available in the field of Environmental Science?
Environmental scientists and engineers find immense opportunities from both governmental as well as private sectors. Some of them are:
- Ministry of Environment
- Forest departments
- Water, Irrigation and agriculture boards
- Pollution Control Boards
- Waste Water Treatment plants
- University faculty positions
- Fertilizers Industries
- Various NGOs
- Textile Mills and refineries etc.
Finally, I conclude things up by saying that, a career in Environmental science presents very promising prospects in terms of both higher education and employment options. If you are really passionate about exploring a noble career in making the earth a better place to live, you are all good to go!